High plateaus, mazes of narrow, deep sandstone canyons and impressive rock formations characterize Zion National Park. They originated when the Virgin River made its way through the rocks and left the spectacular canyons 600 to 1,000 meters deep. The earth layers were pushed up, tilted and flushed out. For example, “The Grand Staircase” – a series of red-colored rocks that stretch between Bryce Canyon and Grand Canyon.
Zion Canyon and Kolob Canyon are probably the most famous gorges of Zion National Park. The Old Hebrew word “Zion” was often used by the Mormon settlers and means something like “sanctuary” or “sanctuary”. Until the late 18th century, the tribes of Anasazi, Ute and Paiute lived mainly from hunting, agriculture and livestock. However, dry periods of drought followed by flooding forced the Indians to leave the region.
Since its appointment as a National Park in 1919, the area has become an increasingly popular destination for nature lovers and tourists with its varied, scenic attractions. The park is considered one of the most visited national parks in the USA.
To really experience the National Park, you should hike under the towering cliffs or cross one of these small narrow canyons. The unique sandstone cliffs in shades of color from cream to pink to red shine impressively. You could describe them as sandcastles that rise to desert canyons.
Zion National Park information
Location and size:
Located in southwestern Utah, Zion National Park covers an area of just under 580 km². The park is located on the border between the Colorado Plateau, the Great Basin and the Mojave Desert and offers a variety of habitats for many animal and plant species due to its special geographical location.